why is china so dependent on coal

People also ask


  • How much coal does China produce?

  • China鈥檚 proved coal reserves are roughly 139 billion tons鈥?8 years of production at current rates. The main coal-producing provinces include Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and Shaanxi. [19] Chinese coal imports have fluctuated significantly in the past decade鈥攕urging between 2009 and 2013, falling in 2014 and 2015, and climbing in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

  • What has the Chinese government done to reduce coal consumption?

  • [30] In December 2016, NDRC and the National Energy Agency issued the 13th Five-Year Energy Development Plan, which calls for coal consumption of no more than 4.1 billion tons and 58% of primary energy by 2020. [31] Throughout 2017, the Chinese government moved vigorously to convert coal heating to natural gas in many northern Chinese cities.

  • What happened to China鈥檚 coal imports?

  • Chinese coal imports have fluctuated significantly in the past decade鈥攕urging between 2009 and 2013, falling in 2014 and 2015, and climbing in 2016, 2017 and 2018. (In 2018, Chinese coal imports were 281 million tons鈥?% of total coal consumption鈥攁ccording to official statistics).

  • Why is China building more coal-fired power plants?

  • China is allowing coal power plants to be built until around 2030 when China will be richer and replacement technologies will have advanced and their costs will be lower. Chinese state-owned utilities are building new coal-fired power plants, with their fleets set to expand about 10 percent by 2025.

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